Predicting Corporate Bankruptcy Risk in Australia: A Latent Class AnalysisAuthors: Stewart Jones, Maurice PeatIn this paper a latent class model (LCM) is applied to estimate corporate bankruptcy and insolvency risk in Australia using a number of financial, market and macro-economic variables and indicators. LCMs represent a significant improvement on traditional techniques such as standard logit and linear discriminant analysis because they relax the highly restrictive IID condition which can distort parameter estimates and potentially undermine predictive accuracy (Jones and Hensher, 2004).
While LCMs are more general (powerful) than standard approaches, they differ from many other non-IID approaches in that they are relatively straight forward to estimate and interpret. In this study we demonstrate the application and interpretation of LCM models based on a large sample of corporate failures in Australia. We also consider the potential of LCMs for future research and practice in this field.
The Application of Time-Driven Activity-Based Costing In the Hospitality Industry: An Exploratory Case Study
Authors: Bas Basuki, Mertzha Dwiputri Riediansyaf
In managing a company, the management and the board need accurate information about operational cost structures and profitability in order to help them in the decision making processes. To provide accurate information, a cost calculation system is generally used to show how the company has allocated its resources to supply its products/services.
This paper looks at the application of Time Driven Activity-Based Costing (TDABC) in a service company. The cost object of this research is a Hotel and the Room Division that is the main source of the hotel’s revenue. Approximately 80% of the hotel’s revenue comes from room rent activity.
Both direct and indirect costs are recalculated using the TDABC method. The results from the TDABC are then compared to the results from the initial cost calculation method used by the company. This research shows that the TDABC method is applicable for Hotel services costing and also that the capacity cost rate can be more accurately and flexibly used in cost compilation.
The Impact of Changes in Environment and AMT on Management Accounting Practices and Organizational Strategy, Structure and Performance
Authors: Tuan Zainun Tuan Mat, Malcolm Smith
This study investigates the impact of changes in business environment and manufacturing technology on organizational strategy, structure and management accounting practices, and the effect of these changes on the organizational performance of manufacturing companies in Malaysia
A quantitative research design was adopted and structural equation modelling was employed as the main statistical technique to test the hypothesized model.
The results revealed a positive alignment among the external environmental factors and organizational factors with management accounting practices, which in turn positively impacted on organizational performance. Results also showed that neither market competition nor advanced manufacturing technology (AMT) influenced change in organizational structure.
This study also provides evidence of an interrelationship between management accounting practices and structure, but no evidence of a reciprocal relationship between management accounting practices and strategy.